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Home » Eye Care Services » Your Eye Health

Your Eye Health

Healthy Eyes Painted in Beautiful Colors

Learning about your eye health can be complicated – and might even seem overwhelming at first. To simplify things for our patients, we present our Eye Health Library, a comprehensive library of vision-related information. We invite you to browse through our library to find information that will help you better understand how your vision works, common eye conditions, surgeries and how your vision changes as you age.

  • Read facts and watch a short video on UV rays.
  • Catching problems in their early stages can prevent vision loss. An eye exam can do this by catching things you haven’t yet noticed.
  • Autorefractors are machines that automatically determine the correct lens prescription for your eyes.
  • Early professional eye care for children is highly recommended – even before kids start school. Watch this short video to see why.
  • Start here for an overview of the different types of surgery to correct myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism; and the merits and drawbacks of each.
  • Cataracts are a common cause of vision loss after age 55. Learn more about recognizing cataracts symptoms, protecting your eyes and understanding cataract surgery.
  • Watch a short but informative video about cataracts.
  • Since the retina is the light-sensitive region of the back of the eye responsible for processing visual images, diabetic retinopathy can affect your vision in mild, moderate or even severe ways.
  • Macular degeneration (also called AMD, ARMD, or age-related macular degeneration) is an age-related condition in which the most sensitive part of the retina, called the macula, starts to break down and lose its ability to create clear visual images.
  • Commonly called "lazy eye", amblyopia can be treated successfully if detected early enough in childhood.
  • Glaucoma is a leading cause of preventable vision loss and blindness in adults in the United States and Canada and the second leading cause of blindness in the World.
  • While certainly not a complete eye care dictionary, the EyeGlass Guide Glossary covers many of the common eye care conditions, terms and technology you’ll commonly discuss with your eye care professional.
  • Read facts and watch a short video about glare and anti-relective lenses.
  • Make the most of your exams by knowing how often to get them, and what information to bring with you.
  • Eye dilation means your pupil in front of the eye has been opened using special drops.
  • An individualized program of eye exercises and other methods can treat non-refractive vision problems such as eye alignment and lazy eye.
  • It’s the most popular vision correction surgery, by far. Learn what to expect before, during and after the procedure.
  • The lens of the eye works much like a camera lens, it’s vital that it remain clear and healthy for clear vision. Learn the signs and symptoms that indicate cataracts.
  • How does diabetes affect vision? What does diabetes mean for eyesight? Learn more about eye problems resulting from diabetes including diabetic retinopathy, the most common diabetic eye disease and a leading contributor to blindness for adults in America.
  • If you have diabetes, you probably know that your body can't use or store sugar properly. When your blood sugar gets too high, it can damage the blood vessels in your eyes. This damage may lead to diabetic retinopathy. In fact, the longer someone has diabetes, the more likely they are to have retinopathy (damage to the retina) from the disease.
  • Dry macular degeneration symptoms include: consistent, slightly blurred vision within your central visual field. You may have difficulty in recognizing faces. And have a sudden need for more light while reading or working. The dry form of this disease gets progressively worse, over time. Wet macular degeneration symptoms include: a distortion of straight lines and an inability to focus properly on a single point within a grid. Wet macular degeneration is an advanced stage of the disease, and often results in blind spots and loss of centralized vision.
  • Often mistakenly called “stigmatism,” this common vision problem can be corrected with eyeglasses, contact lenses or refractive surgery.
  • Not surprisingly, our eyes decline with age, perhaps even with accelerating declination from age 60 onward.
  • While certainly not a complete eye care dictionary, the EyeGlass Guide Glossary covers many of the common eye care conditions, terms and technology you’ll commonly discuss with your eye care professional.
  • Going to the eye doctor? Here’s what to expect, and what to remember.
  • Glaucoma testing involves measuring internal eye pressure and a detailed scan of the retina for signs of disease.
  • Fact: More children use computers and digital screens than ever before. How does it affect their vision and eye health? Optometrists weigh in here.
  • Research is still being done to determine the long-term effects of blue light or high-energy visible (HEV)  light emission, however it is known is that blue light is a cause of computer vision syndrome (CVS) and sleep disruptions.
  • How often should your child's eyes be examined? What's the difference between a school vision screening and a comprehensive eye exam? and more.
  • Complications from LASIK are few, but they do happen. It’s important to understand the risks, and how to minimize them.
  • Learn more about the factors that may cause cataracts.
  • Changes in blood-sugar levels increase your risk of diabetic retinopathy, as does long-term diabetes.
  • Early detection is key, so knowing the early symptoms of glaucoma could go a long way toward preventing and treating this common eye disease.
  • Macular degeneration symptoms vary based on the particular form of the disease (dry or wet), and the stage the disease at the time it is discovered.
  • Red, swollen eyelids and crusty debris at the base of your eyelashes are signs you may have blepharitis.
  • To protect your eyesight and stay eye-healthy as you age, follow these basic guides.
  • The human eye is a marvel of built-in engineering, combining reflected light, lens imaging capability, multiple lighting adjustments and information processing—all in the space of your eyeball. When working properly, the human eye converts light into impulses that are conveyed to the brain and interpreted as images.
  • Eye exams often begin by sharing information at the front desk, so be prepared.
  • An ophthalmoscope is a handheld device used to examine your eye’s interior structure, including the retina.
  • Knowing the expected milestones of your baby's vision development during their first year of life can ensure your child is seeing properly and enjoying their world to the fullest.
  • Successful LASIK surgeons get that way from experience and the ability to screen out poor candidates for the procedure. Here’s the list of what makes you a good candidate.
  • Prescriptions, lens treatments and surgery are all options you can explore.
  • According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, 95% of those with diabetic retinopathy can avoid substantial vision loss if they are treated in time.
  • Macular Degeneration is an eye disease that affects the portion of the eye responsible for processing fine detail and providing sharp central vision (called the macula).
  • There is as yet no outright cure for macular degeneration, but some treatments may delay its progression or even improve vision.
  • AIDS or other diseases that affect your immune system can increase your risk of serious eye problems from cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection.
  • If you work in a hazardous environment like a construction zone or workshop, or participate in ball sports or extreme sports—sturdy, shatter-and-impact-resistant eyewear is a must. This is particularly important when considering eye protection for both children and adults.
  • You may want to ask some of these questions before or during your next eye exam.
  • Optomap® is new technology that allows for detailed retina examination without dilating pupils.
  • Contact lenses offer advantages in the areas of sports and self-esteem. But when is your child old enough for contacts?
  • An alternative to LASIK, PPK is a no-flap eye surgery. Learn about the advantages and disadvantages, as well as what to expect.
  • If you need cataract surgery, you may have the option of getting new presbyopia-correcting IOLs that potentially can restore a full range of vision without eyeglasses.
  • People with serious vision problems from an eye injury or disease affecting the front surface of the eye can often regain vision with a cornea transplant.
  • You have never worn glasses and now after 40 you can't seem to read your text messages without holding the phone at arm's length.
  • Age-related vision loss can be addressed with practical solutions.
  • Seeing clearly is just one part of your overall eye health. It’s important to have regular eye exams whether or not you wear glasses or contacts, and even if your vision is sharp. The articles below explain what problems can be spotted with an eye exam, what’s involved in a comprehensive exam, and special considerations for kids and contacts.
  • Learn what common tests and procedures to expect during a routine eye exam.
  • Peripheral vision testing is the part of the eye exam that tests the “outside” of your vision.
  • A number of relatively new procedures are addressing the age-related decrease in ability to focus on near objects, that was once correctable only with bifocals.
  • Additional information including lifestyle factors that could impact cataracts.
  • Dry eye syndrome is a common condition, especially in women over age 40. Many treatment options are available.
  • The risk for dry eye increases with age, especially for women.
  • A routine exam won’t provide some of the measurements and testing that are required to determine if your eyes are suitable for contact lens wear, and to generate your contact lens Rx.
  • A phoropter is an instrument used to test individual lenses on each eye during an exam.
  • Digital eye strain, eye fatigue and computer vision syndrome (CVS) are conditions that result from extended exposure to digital screens.
  • These small lenses or optical devices are inserted into the cornea to alter its shape and correct vision problems.
  • Are you bothered by red, itchy eyes? You may have allergies.
  • When should your child have their first eye exam? Plus, learn about special considerations for developing eyes.
  • A puffer test is a specific form of glaucoma testing measuring eye pressure (intraocular pressure).
  • Computer vision syndrome (CVS) and blue light exposure are becoming increasingly serious threats to our vision, health and productivity.
  • Use these articles to proactively care for your child's eyes, spot potential trouble, and maximize the opportunity for crisp, convenient and healthy vision.
  • Certain types of contact lenses and eyeglasses may play a role in slowing the progression of myopia, or nearsightedness.
  • Sometimes because of disease or injury, the cornea becomes so damaged that problems cannot be corrected with eyeglasses, contacts, or refractive surgery such as LASIK.
  • “Floaters” are usually normal and harmless. But if you notice a sudden increase in floaters or floaters accompanied by flashes of light, see your eye doctor immediately.
  • You may be given these common tests during a routine eye exam. Find out what you can expect.
  • Retinoscopy is a procedure using a retinoscope that helps to see if you need a prescription.
  • Tired of wearing glasses or contact lenses? Today, several surgical methods can correct your eyesight and, in most cases, give you the freedom of seeing well without corrective lenses.
  • Also called farsightedness, hyperopia is a common vision problem that can cause headaches, eyestrain and trouble reading.
  • A slit lamp exam is a magnified analysis of your eye from front to back.
  • It's important to understand the relationship between your eyes and any medications you may currently be using.
  • Read more about some of the most common eye diseases including cataracts, diabetes, glaucoma and macular degeneration.
  • This eye disease causes the cornea to grow thinner and bulge forward in an irregular cone-shape. Treatment options range from gas permeable contact lenses to a cornea transplant.
  • The “Big E” chart—or Snellen eye chart—is the most familiar type of visual acuity test.
  • Eye problems can range from mild to severe; some are chronic, while others may resolve on their own, never to appear again. The articles below will give you a basic understanding of some of these problems and their implications. The cardinal rule is if your eyes don't look good, feel good or see well, you should visit your doctor.
  • Vision testing and vision screening can each be a window of opportunity for healthy sight - find out how they are different.
  • Also called nearsightedness, myopia is a very common vision problem, affecting up to one-third of the U.S. population.
  • If you are among the 85 million Baby Boomers in the United States and Canada (born between 1946 and 1964), you've probably noticed your eyes have changed. Most notably, presbyopia - the normal, age-related loss of near focusing ability - usually becomes a problem in our 40's, requiring new vision correction solutions. Learn about measures you can take to keep seeing clearly for years to come.
  • Vision testing includes vision testing equipment and procedures that either measure or gauge your visual ability, or look closely at specific structures of the eye.
  • You’ve heard of high blood pressure, but what about high eye pressure?
  • Just as our physical strength decreases with age, our eyes also exhibit an age-related decline in performance - particularly as we reach our 60's and beyond. Some age-related eye changes are perfectly normal, but others may signal a disease process. It's important to recognize signs and symptoms, and perhaps even more important to mitigate the effects of aging with some simple and common-sense strategies.
  • This acute and contagious form of conjunctivitis is particularly common among preschoolers and school-age children.
  • These inherited disorders, commonly abbreviated as RP, cause progressive peripheral vision loss, night blindness and central vision loss.
  • This common problem is simply an infected lid gland. Learn how to prevent and treat styes.
  • Read the answers to frequently asked questions.